How to Plan Your Kid’s Birthday Party at Home

Party Decoration

From setting dates, styling the venue, to finding the right food and dessert caterers the birthday function rooms Melbourne is perfect venue for your event. Turn your party room inside out, back to front and upside down! Anything you can alter so that it looks the wrong way will give the right impression! Turn chairs around so that they face the wall. Take photographs of the backs of your family’s heads, and put them in frames around the room. Instead of ornaments, stand bottles of ketchup, and salt & pepper shakers along the mantelpiece, and why not copy the spines of your books onto a sheet of card and tape it over the TV screen?

This is where you can really let your imagination run riot – the sillier, the better!

Party Costumes

On your backwards invites, tell guests to come to the party dressed the wrong way around! They can wear their shirts and trousers back to front, twist a baseball cap so that it’s facing the wrong way, and even make cardboard shoes to tie to their heels! How many other backwards clothing ideas can you think of? Glasses on the back of your head? Gloves on your feet? Or even underwear on the outside?

Superman would fit right in!

Party Games

Even the party games run the wrong way at this party! Award points before you start each activity, and take them away from the winners at the end!

BACKTRACKIN’. You’ll need access to a turntable to create the music for this game or, if you have a CD player with a line-out function, you could load the songs onto your computer, and use Windows Sound Recorder to change it around.

Split your guests into two teams, and give each group a pen and piece of paper. Now, play snippets of pop songs which are running backwards, and see if the players can guess what they are. Give clues to each song title by showing pictures of the artist, or giving your guests a choice of three possibilities. After each back to front song, give the kids a few seconds to confer, then write down their answer. They’ll be tapping their hands and clicking their toes!

REVERSE! A wrong way around game filled to the brim with giggles! Make a set of cards that give everyday tasks, such as eating breakfast, getting up, or ironing clothes.

Choose one player at a time, show them a card at random, and they then have one minute to act out the activity – backwards! For example, if they were getting up, they could start by pretending to get undressed, dirty their teeth, put on their pyjamas, climb into bed, and fall asleep. The other players would then have to guess what the activity was supposed to be! Keep playing until everyone has tried their hand at a mixed up mime. For even more fun, add two person activities such as delivering a wardrobe, or buying a box of cornflakes. Barmy and backwards!

WRAP THE PARCEL. I tend to steer clear of traditional party games, as kids have played them over and over again – but this was too good to miss!

Players sit in a circle, with one kid holding a prize. In the centre of the circle lie several sheets of wrapping paper. When the game starts, the guests pass the prize around from one person to the next in complete silence. After a while, play a music CD – this is the cue for the person currently holding the prize to grab a sheet of paper, and wrap the gift inside it! Stop the music, and the partially wrapped prize is passed around the circle again! Keep playing until all of the wrapping paper has been used up. The winner is the person to add the final sheet. They get to keep the prize – and all the paper!

Party Food

Can food be backwards? Eating the wrong way around sounds like a messy business – but try these twisted treats that’ll have your guests rubbing their backs with satisfaction!

SILLY SANDWICHES! Why not serve sandwiches with the fillings on the outside?

Put a piece of bread in between two slices of ham, or slide a cracker into the middle of a couple of cheese slices! This is one party where jam sandwiches would be best forgotten!

CRAZY CUTLERY. Not so much a food idea, but a way to serve it! Try eating idiotic ice cream with a knife and fork, or hand out glasses of cake for your guests to enjoy!

Party Bags

As the party comes to an end (or should that be a start?), hand out party bags with the gifts on the outside! Tape pens, pencils and toys to the outside of your gift bags, and leave the inside completely empty. You’ll have them coming back for more! Or is that forward for less? Or should it be…

We offers kids party entertainment for bay area residents. we’ve performed thousands of shows over the past fifteen years. Our kids party entertainment area unit equally fun for kids birthday party as they’re for the oldsters and different guests.

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How To Get Rid Of The Double Chin

Body contouring Melbourne and skin tightening is a treatment designed to treat frustrating areas of cellulite and tone the body. Having arrived at this article, it’s my guess you own a double chin and want to do something about it. Not only is a double chin unattractive it will probably damage your self-image as well. A safe farewell to your double chin fat reduction Sydney will assure you that they will be using a state of art device to get rid of your fat chin.

Therefore, I am going to take a look at what leads to a double chin and a few ideas to eliminate the double chin as well.

There are various completely different causes of a double chin. And half of the battle is to be aware of why you have a double chin. If you can understand the underlying reason then you might be well on the way to beating it. For a good number people, however, you will discover several elements at work including genetic factors and dietary issues along with your posture (how you “hold” yourself).

At first, I actually did not think posture was a contributing factor. However, I’ve changed my view and I’m now convinced the way you actually hold your head is very of important. I know, that might seem difficult to believe, but think about this. Take a flick through the numerous gossip columns or tabloid press.

You’ve all seen the image of the A-list celeb caught in an unsightly pose. Look at all those flabby and saggy bits and those horrible undesirable bulges.

These A-Listers get trained in how to “hold themselves” when in front of the camera. They do that so they will always look good…except some hack catches them in their pyjamas fetching the milk or putting out the garbage. This is the “actual” “real” person behind the make believe veil. And believe me they are way, way different to the “manufactured” images we normally see on the screen or in the glossy magazines.

It’s for that reason that posture is so important. And you thought it wasn’t important? Yep, as I said “me too” at first!

If posture has been a difficulty for you over the years it has probably now become a bad habit. And we all know they are troublesome bad habits are to break! Holding your head in a downward tilt all the time will reduce the exercise your neck and jaw muscles get and will inevitably cause a double chin in the longer term.

Now I understand that, if you sit at a computer all day, keeping your head up is difficult. But it is a major part of the strategy to counter your double chin by helping build and exercise the neck muscle tissues that little bit more. This will help and is an easily made change.

This is a bizarre one as some ultra-fit folks suffer from double chins and yet some people with awful diets get away with it. It’s a paradox for sure (and one that upsets me).

The bottom line is that for many people, weight-reduction plan is a factor that has to be taken into account. There is a stack of stuff written and published on the Internet about food regimen so I’m not going to delve too deeply here.

Suffice to say common sense ought to prevail. The less sugar and saturated fats (and trans fats) in your diet, the less likely you are to be vulnerable to weight gain (as a general rule).

You know that if you drink a six pack and eat a double pizza every evening, you’re likely to have a double chin and a wider weight issue. Eat and drink sensibly and employ a reasonable exercise regime and it will definitely help you maintain a proper weight and keep the double chin at bay. I needn’t say any more.

If you are eating (and drinking) sensibly and have good posture and the double chin is being persistent, then perhaps try some specific exercises. If you go to the Get Rid Of The Double Chin (see link at the end of this article) web site, there are some videos to help you.

Your genes may also be an element, like they are with me, my chin is the first place I discover any weight gain. I need to work actually pretty hard to maintain a tight jawline and chin.

Unfortunately you cannot change your DNA – that’s the way it is I. afraid.. The genes you get at birth are all you get and you need to make do. The Danes have an amazing saying…”you can only piss by the cock you’re given”. I love that saying, it does make me snigger and sums it up nicely if just a little rudely!

So, if you are genetically inclined towards a double chin, it’s important to make the very best of what you have. That means a combination of good posture, a proper diet and a sensible exercise program. They will all help. Of course, no matter what your scenario, it’s best not to let yourself get a double chin in the first place! As always, prevention is better (and less painful) than cure.

Let’s talk about cosmetic surgery – Don’t even consider it!

First up, it is massively expensive. Secondly, in my view it leads to the slippery slope of one surgery after another. Thirdly, if you ask me, it just does not look right either – sorry. Just have a look at a few of the results you see on some personalities. I have no doubt whatsoever, it’s the reason it’s known as “plastic surgery”. Far better a natural “remedy”.

O.K, that’s it and I hope I have been able to provide you with some useful pointers on how to get rid of the double chin.

For more information on how to get rid of the double chin

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6 Smart Sales Tips for Event Venues

If you’re prompt, specialist as well as extraordinary, occasion customers will certainly rush to schedule your place, this professional claims. Attentive and dedicated to always exceeding expectations, it’s time to elevate your corporate functions Melbourne that reach black sheep status.

Marketing an event space is component fact and component creativity. Clients want to know the details– ability, sources, restrictions and also price, for example.

Nonetheless, they additionally want to know the possibilities. Can your location be the setup for their dream occasion? Will the intending procedure be smooth, reliable and trouble-free? Can you take a prominent venue as well as still deliver an unique occasion?

Every one of these are considerations for possible clients, as well as your sales group requires to understand just how to effectively present both the realities and also the opportunities.

These are a few of the ways that we efficiently charm potential customers and book beautiful events.

1. React to queries quickly.

The quicker the venue’s feedback time to a possibility’s first inquiry, the far better the reservation rate ends up being. Leads desire rapid details and also to feel great that as clients, they will obtain the information they require to called quickly as possible.

Have common yet adjustable actions all set for the most common questions you receive, so you can send them out right away. Include answers to your most frequently asked questions, along with a strong contact us to activity reminding leads to call you for an initial appointment as soon as possible.

2. Pre-qualify prior to scheduling.

Your time is important, as is your potential clients’ time, so do everybody a support as well as pre-qualify them prior to setting up an initial appointment.

Consult your schedule in advance so you understand which days are offered, as well as cross-check the days that they are considering with your own reservation calendar. If you’re not available at all, it’s no usage dragging them out to the venue for hrs, only to dissatisfy them.

3. Be unforgettable.

Use shock and also delight your leads.

You could offer a terrific bottle of white wine during your appointment, or have some specialty songs cued up for your excursion of the dancing flooring. Send out each prospect residence with a top quality logo design thing at the end of a scenic tour, or send a follow-up present to their office or home to thank for considering your venue. Make them feel as special as they will certainly when they take the plunge and authorize a contract with you!

4. Listen!

As a rule, pay attention far more than you chat throughout your preliminary conversations. If your leads aren’t talking, ask open-ended questions to assist the meeting so you can learn about their demands, wishes, fears as well as characters.

If you pay attention at this phase, you’ll have the ability to identify opportunities to match your ideal marketing points with their distinct needs. Your discussion will progress into one that is totally personalized as well as very effective.

5. Be positive.

Ask for the close. When you know a possibility is an excellent match for your location, do not be timid. Discuss what is necessary for you both to secure the bargain, and also provide a date when you require a signature as well as financial agreement. Make it clear that you desire their organisation and make it simple to say “yes.”

6. Keep your eye on the customer.

Most notably, always stay client-focused. Court your leads with the same level of excitement, service as well as top quality that you intend to provide once you begin preparing with each other. Your booking rates will soar.

Ugg Boots – More Than Just a Name

Origin

From farmers, to aviator pilots, to surfers and the most fashion conscious of international celebrities, ‘ugg boots’ have a distinct and colourful history that has seen them become a ‘household essential’ in all parts of the world. The best place to buy ugg boots online are those who sell reliable products.

This handcrafted sheepskin boot is predominantly known worldwide as an ‘ugg boot’, however since its inception in Australia over 200 years ago, it has also been referred to as an ‘ug, ugh and fug’ boot. All of these names are merely a generic term for Australian-made sheepskin boots, rather than a brand name. The word ‘ug’ actually means ugly in the Australian dictionary, although most people would claim they are more of an item of beauty.

The woollen inner lining of an ugg boot naturally warms the feet and allows circulation to keep away moisture, which also helps resist unwanted odours. The boots are designed to be worn without socks and effectively insulate the feet in cold weather and cool them during warmer conditions.

Whilst the reasoning behind their name has remained much of a mystery, their uses and benefits have proved invaluable and inspirational for a variety of people over the years.

Initial discovery of Ugg boots

During the 19th century, sheep farming became a major industry in Australia. Farmers and ranchers utilised every part of the sheep, making bulky, well-lined ugg boots to keep their feet warm and dry, as well as clothing and various other household items.

Farmers across Australia steadily grew accustomed to wearing ugg boots on a daily basis, however it wasn’t until World War I and II that the true value of natural fibre ugg boots was properly put to test. Aviator pilots used ‘fug’ boots (flying ugs) to keep their feet loose, comfortable and at a constant warm temperature in non-pressurized planes at high altitudes.

During the 1960’s ugg boots really unleashed their fashionable influence on society and much of this was attributed to a growing worldwide surfing phenomenon. Australian surfers decided it was extremely cosy and warm to jump out of the surf and into a pair of sheepskin boots.

The popularity of ugg boots rapidly spread throughout Australia. During the winter months, surfers replaced their boards with skis and poles and started wearing their ugg boots in ski resorts on Australia’s Snowy Mountains. At the time, ugg boots were also a hit with competitive swimmers.

Home of the world’s finest wool

Geelong-based company Jacksons Tannery, a hide trading and tanning specialist, were approached by surfers from along the Victorian Coast in the 1970’s, who wanted to use their sheepskin to make their own warm, post surfing ugg boots.

At the time, the Geelong area was regarded as the home to the world’s finest wool. It is also the home of EMU Australia, one of the longest standing Australian ugg boot manufacturers. The surfer’s original design was very basic – essentially two pieces of sheepskin in the shape of a boot, joined together down the centre-front and back with a soft sole attached to the bottom. There were no hard soles back then – they were practically a glorified sock!

Jacksons Tannery quickly recognised the need to improve the quality and performance of the surfer’s basic sheepskin design, so they began subcontracting their sheepskin to shoe makers.

Ugg boots – Trademark controversy

In 1971, Australian Shane Stedman recognised the potential in sheepskin boots and registered ‘ugh boot’ with the Australian Trade Mark Registry. It lapsed and decades later it ended up in the hands of US company Deckers Outdoor Corporation, along with the other various spellings.

Deckers eventually tried to restrict all Australian sheepskin boot companies from using the use of the terms Ugh, Ug and Ugg based on the grounds of litigation and trademark ownership, but restrictions on the use of these terms were removed from the Australian Trade Mark register in 2006, allowing all sellers to use the terms.

Ugg boots go global

In 1978, Australian surfer Brian Smith took a dozen pairs of ugg boots to the US. Several Californian surfers took to their benefits and almost immediately Smith was importing more pairs from Australia. The following year Smith formed a partnership with Jacksons to supply boots to the US under the registered ‘UGG’ brand. In 1993 UGG Australia was sold to Deckers.

EMU launched

EMU Australia was launched in 1994 by employees from Jacksons and due to the huge demand for ugg boots in the US, they quickly appointed a distributor in Boulder, Colorado.

Suddenly, EMU’s mission to become the world’s best sheepskin footwear company was fast becoming reality. With over 40 distributors and 10,000 retailers, EMU is now the leading footwear brand in Australia and the fastest growing sheepskin footwear brand in the world.

Whilst stilettos, platforms and wedges are must-haves to pump up that strut in our modern society, ugg boots have been making their way off the shelves for decades, not for their ‘chic visage’ but for their ultimate features – comfort and warmth. Just as they have done for over 200 years.

With new styles available all year round, come and see the Natureshop for current and upto date styles of various ugg boots for men and women.

Article by

Dave Manville

The Natureshop, New Zealand

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Legitimate And Helpful Advice For Internet Marketing

Below are a handful of intelligent and proven methods to manage your business successfully. When you’re struggling with an SEO challenge, you go and see an SEO consultant Sydney.

One good tip is to always stay aware of the competition. It can be easy to look at your competitor’s sites and learn the features their site has. You might also be able to find out what their traffic is like and that will show you how yours is doing in comparison.

Making your site stand out from the rest is a great marketing advantage you can use. If your website stands out from the crowd, it is likely to draw plenty of traffic away from more indistinguishable sites. One way to achieve this is to focus on your site that is unique to your brand.

Don’t ignore direct marketing in tandem with your Internet marketing. Customers should be contacted through email, fax or email to inform them of your services and specials.

If your site is static and does not change, you might want to create a blog. Search engines rank sites with fresh content more highly, and if your site does not have it, your ranking will suffer. A blog makes it easy to keep your site updated with fresh content consistently.

One important aspect of Internet marketing that web designers sometimes forget is to keep their sites simple. Smart owners are aware that not all users are interested in dealing with this technology. A website should be fully functional if it doesn’t have fancy bells and whistles.

If you are not truthful in your content, your customers will be more apt to believe in your products and services. This is a great illustration of why you need to sell any products you have used if possible.

Know the goals for your site and always strive to achieve it. Know what kind of content you intend to write and make every effort to get your messages out clearly. Keep guidelines that you can provide good submissions.

Your website should have good format and make links are easily visible. This lets people interested in your audience engaged and they won’t have an easier time finding what they’re looking for.

Make a simple video demonstration showing how to use your product and showcasing its advantages. This will allow potential customers a good idea of how your products work. You can post your video on sites like YouTube and your own website as well as posting it to video-sharing sites.

A CMR (customer relationship management) database is helpful in Internet marketing. Use it to identify past and current customers and their purchases. You can highlight items that they may find useful.

If you want to add credibility and some validation for your company, it gives you a certain validation and could draw in more customers.This also boost your traffic and make it appear a more appealing to visitors.

A blog will attract more traffic to your site higher traffic. It will attract the most visitors if you post new content fresh by posting on a regular basis.

To optimize your website for search engines, you absolutely must have unique, relevant and unique to your website. This is true for retailers that sells similar products with similar product descriptions. You want to be unique and set yourself apart from the other sites, have a trusted employee write it or hire an article writer.

Try to create a site that customers feel like they’re in control.It is critical these days due to all of fresh air in a world filled with spam and emails. Always offer an opt-out option; this helps to create a link people can click on if they wish to discontinue emails from you.

Be sure to include a link that leads to your site in the video description. This will have a tremendous effect on the number of users who visit your site traffic!

Think about how good your service or product really is.An sub-par product can’t be saved by even the best internet marketing and advertising is behind it. Having a good product that is superior to those of your best way for boosting sales.

If you tend to send out emails to your customers, you need to rotate links that are included in your correspondence. It is very easy for your customers to begin ignoring emails if they look the same set of links sent with all your e-mails. Variety in the content of your readers engaged.

It is common knowledge that an authority position in a business. Let others know that you are the top dog. You may even want to call yourself as the “President” or CEO.

If you are not a great writer, there are places that will put it out there to people on other niche sites. This is a very simple way to increase in traffic.

Offer incentives for referrals. You can easily turn one sale into five by just giving people a free sample or a discount for referring five friends to the site. People like getting free stuff and you can get more sales with higher traffic.

Have special promotions to attract more visitors to your site. You could offer for a day or two a $1 sale on a $1 e-book. They may even make another purchase while they are there picking up their cart.

Offer a freebie that is personalized with your business name and submit those freebies to the websites that advertise those kinds of deals. If you choose to offer an e-book, give it to sites that list free e-books. Many websites will provide free e-content and are easy to submit too.

Use these tips wisely in your business practices. They have enough information to help you use network marketing effectively.

Cooking Tips And Tricks To Create Amazing Meals At Home

Cooking is a tough trick to master. This article will have you learn to make high quality meals. The Asian restaurants Southbank that deceivingly sounds like a seafood spot, actually serves delicious Asian-inspired food.

If you want to start cooking more, try the library for cookbooks that offer a variety of easy recipes that will be fun to prepare. Try some recipes until you come up with something that works for you.

Always keep your spices stored in a cool place.Using fresher spices can make your food taste better.

Many use a good number of apples for baking and cooking throughout fall and winter, but if improperly stored, they will no longer be usable. Apples tend to rot in warm dry air, make sure you store them in the fridge or in a cool place. One rotten apple can actually spoil the whole bag so keep a close eye on them while stored.

If your burgers seem to be sticking to the surface of your grill, it will be difficult to flip them without mangling them in the process. Try brushing a thin coating of vegetable oil on the cooking surface prior to cooking so that food from sticking.

Beans and tofu are great sources of protein if you may not have yet considered adding to your diet. Both of these protein-rich foods are readily available at most grocery stores. Try frying tofu with some interesting seasonings and you will have a tasty alternative to meat. Beans boiled with herbs for a flavorful source of protein.

This will allow your food the maximum amount of flavor possible.

Always measure the amount of cooking oil! This will help you lower the fat is present in your cooking.This helps you to better monitor the amount of oil you want to use.

Always select fresh garlic for it. A rule of thumb is that fresh garlic will have a sweet taste to it. You can recognize fresh garlic has firm skin and lack of bruises.

Don’t cook with wines that you wouldn’t drink regularly. You could try wine that is specifically formulated for use in cooking.

Make sure you thoroughly clean your utensils are cleaned prior to cooking. Any residual food matter missed during washing can spoil the dish you plan on cooking next. This can allow harmful bacteria.

To avoid mistakes like burning your food while you are cooking, stay organized. Having all your kitchen tools handy and organized will help you are productive when cooking. If you are unorganized, you will start to forget what you buy and that will make you spend too much money that could have been spent on something you would have eaten.

Add plenty of salt to your water for cooking pasta. This will help season the pasta while it is boiling. Salting pasta will not have the same effect.

Set aside about one-fourth cup. When you are getting ready to mix the pasta and sauce together, add in the water before tossing or topping the pasta. The pasta water’s starch adds a “creaminess” to the sauce and make it creamier.

This adds flavor to the herbs while also keeping them from sliding off the cutting board. Do not add any extra salt to the dish you are making to prevent over-salting. The salt that is used on the board gives your herbs and add a bit of flavor.

If you plan on using your barbecue, it’s a good idea to prepare your grill beforehand so that it’s already ready for you when you need it. The charcoal will need to burn about 30 minutes before it is used for cooking. The coals need to be around medium heat should be moderate and covered in ash. This is the best temperature to begin grilling your food.

A meat thermometer should be used to ensure that meat has been thoroughly cooked. All of the different meats require a certain internal temperature that is recommended for it to be safe to eat. Bacteria flourish on the meats, it could cause you to become sick.

Try not over or under cook it. The time recommended on the box or in a recipe is a guide to be used with caution, because many factors, such as high altitudes, can impact the finished product. A better way is to test the cake by inserting a cake is finished is by sticking a toothpick into the center of the cake. If it removes cleanly, the cake is done; if batter comes out with it, it needs longer to bake.

You could also simply add bouillon cubes to the water that you are using. This gives the food while adding another level to the taste profile.

A stir-fry is a great way to cook up bits and pieces of leftover vegetables in your refrigerator is to make some fried rice. Fry your vegetables and chopped meat in vegetable oil, add your rice and then season it with ginger, ginger, garlic and other spices of your choice.

Dark leafy greens can be considered a pain to prepare, they are difficult to clean prior to eating. Taking out the tough stems can be tiresome and time-consuming. Make it easy by folding the leaf and then break out the stem. You could also slice the stem from the folded leaf with a knife.

Cooking is something that you can always improve, especially if you apply the tips provided. You have the information that you need to improve. All that you need to do is start applying it! Your cooking will turn out to be better tasting and people will enjoy that.

Car Donation Charities Are A Good Way To Appreciate

You’ve probably considered the American Red Cross as your charities to donate to. Helping those less fortunate than you is an important part of enjoying everything you have, believe it or not. You need to remind yourself that there are others out there who don’t have it as good as you do – so that you’ll more fully appreciate what you’ve got. So, when you’ve got a vehicle you don’t need any longer, you should donate your car to a charitable organization. That way, you get to do a lot to help others, and you can be reminded of what a big difference there is between people’s lives. That’s important to keep in mind as you go through your own life.

In fact car donation charities are probably the best way of all that you can help people, because they know how to get more value out of your old vehicle than you could on your own. When they deal with people, it’s with the understanding that they’re helping a charity. This can get them more money out of a vehicle sale because the dealership or salvage yard will be able to consider it a donation on their part to pay more than they otherwise would. That way, everyone gets an opportunity to compare their lives with how they would be without all the advantages we have.

Naturally, helping others should always be kept in mind because of how much good it can bring: when you help someone even to get by, that good will spread outwards as they’re in a position to help others themselves. But keeping in mind how hard it can be to get by without so many of the nice things you have will actually help you with that, because it’ll help you to understand just how much help people can need – and how much they can give if they’re willing.

Why Spray Foam Insulation? 7 Benefits to Using Spray Foam Insulation

A lot of people feel intimidated by the cost and commitment of using spray foam insulation in their houses. Without knowing the benefits that spray foam insulation can provide for their home and family, the option could be easily overlooked. Using a foam gun you can spray while adjusting the size of the pressure.

In actuality, spray foam insulation outperforms all other types of insulation by incredible margins. Here are 7 ways that spray foam insulation can benefit your home and save you money.

What is Spray Foam Insulation?

Spray foam insulation is developed from two types of composite materials, polyurethane and isocyanate. When combined, these two materials chemically react to each other and cause their combined substance to expand and harden. During the installation process, both materials are simultaneously sprayed from the tip of a spray foam gun, allowing them to expand and form a protective layer of spray foam insulation over the desired area. To learn more about spray foam insulation, download our spray foam insulation eBook.

There are two types of spray foam insulation – open-cell and closed-cell. Open-cell spray foam is more dense than closed-cell spray foam insulation, and is spongy to touch. This gives it an effective sound dampening effect. It is less expensive than closed-cell spray foam insulation.

Closed-cell insulation, while more expensive than open-cell, has its own list of amazing benefits.

Benefits of Closed-Cell Spray Foam Insulation

1. Powerful Insulator

Spray foam insulation works far better than other popular types of insulation. Because of its expansive nature, spray foam tightly seals all nooks and crannies that otherwise would have been left exposed. Spray foam’s resistance value, or its ability to provide an air-tight seal, ranked at R-6, the highest rank on the market today.

2. Incredible Energy Savings

Because spray foam in such a powerful insulator, families and businesses have actually been able to save a significant amount on their energy expenses. Spray foam insulation has shown to provide energy savings at an average of 50% or more, unlike other types of insulation that average a savings rate of about 30%.

3. Air-tight Seal

Spray foam insulation is uniquely capable of thoroughly sealing holes and cracks in your attic or crawl space. Air leaks are often one of the biggest reasons for high energy bills. Spray foam insulation creates a powerful airtight seal that has shown to be 24 times less permeable to air infiltration than other types of insulation.

4. Moisture Barrier

Holes and cracks in your walls and crawl space can allow entrance to more than just air. Water and moisture can gain access to these areas through exposed cracks and holes if not sealed.

Spray foam insulation is impermeable to water. This means that not only will spray foam thoroughly seal and protect your attic and crawl space from airborne moisture and leaks, but if  flooding should occur in the area, spray foam insulation will not absorb the water like other materials will.

5. Deters Mold

Spray foam is not only water resistant, but it is composed of an inert polymer that provides no source of food for mold or bacteria. Homes that are insulated using closed-cell insulation are better protected against mold and mildew.

6. Long Life-Span

The inert polymer that spray foam insulation is comprised of allows it to have an indefinite lifespan. This allows homes and businesses to enjoy the benefits of spray foam insulation for years on end before needing to re-insulate. Businesses and families that invest in spray foam insulation can actually save money over the course of 20 years or more because of spray foam’s unique ability to perform at optimal levels for extended periods of time.

7. Eco-Friendly

One of the most common inquiries made about spray foam insulation is if it is eco-friendly. Our answer is yes! There are several reasons for this.

  • Spray foam helps reduce energy consumption and create a ‘green’ household.
  • Protects against moisture and mold growth
  • Designed to last indefinitely, producing fewer consumed materials

What is Knob and Tube Wiring

Knob and tube wiring was a system of open electrical conductors supported on ceramic knobs. It also used ceramic knobs where wires cross each other or pass through framing. This type of wiring was in common use from the 1880’s to 1930’s, in North America. When working with wiring, electrician Brisbane 24 hours always cut the power supply at the breaker box first before beginning any actual work.

During the era when knob and tube was in common use, a typical home would have 30 or 60 amp electrical service, sufficient for general lighting and maybe a radio. These were the days of “iceboxes”, wood or gas stoves, coal heat, and no air conditioning. Wiring homes was a new trade, with very few rules.

The first home wiring rules appeared around the turn of the century, when Terrell Croft wrote the American Electricians Handbook. Crofts books defined early wiring practices. One of Croft’s rules was that knob and tube wiring should always be run through, never over the house framing. The problem with running wiring over framing is that it can get bumped, snagged, and damaged. Most electrical experts would agree that wiring run over the framing is a sign of amateur, cobbled-together work, and it never conformed to any electrical code.

Good Points

The theoretical advantage of knob and tube wiring is that it dissipates heat into free air, and therefore has a higher ampacity than cable systems with equivalent wire size. When originally installed in the 1900’s knob and tube wiring was less expensive than other wiring methods. Due to the installation cost, owners and electricians would opt for knob and tube versus conduit wiring and metal junction boxes. The conduit methods were known to be of better quality, but their cost was significantly higher than knob and tube wiring.

Modern wiring methods assume two or more load carrying conductors will lie against each other, for instance the standard non-metallic – 2 cable. Since the load carrying wires are in close proximity, when they heat up, the heating is shared across the wires, limiting the overall current load they can support. Since the load carrying wires in knob and tube wiring are widely spaced, the wires are capable of carrying higher loads without risk of fire.

Bad Points

Knob and tube wiring was commonly insulated with cotton cloth and soft rubber, in addition to the porcelain insulators. Although the actual wire covering may have degraded over the decades, the porcelain insulators have a very long lifespan and will keep any bare wires safely insulated. These same porcelain insulators are commonly used with bare wire electric fencing for livestock. These insulators can carry very high voltage surges without the risk of shorting to ground. Many electricians understand that by running the hot and neutral conductors farther apart from each other than today’s electrical cabling does make shorts between those conductors less likely, at the same time realizing there is not a grounding conductor.

Wiring installation standards and methods were less stringent in the era of knob and tube versus modern day electrical codes and standards. The main shortcomings of knob and tube include the following: lack of a safety grounding conductor, inability to confine switching to the hot conductor, the permitted use of in-line splices in walls without a junction box. Compared to modern thermoplastic wiring insulation, typically known as “romex”, the knob and tube wiring is less resistant to damage.

Knob and tube wiring is very vulnerable to mechanical damage, such as from stored materials in the attic or basement. Bending the wire can cause older insulation to crumble and fall off the wires.

Knob and tube is insufficient for current usage patterns. Contemporary households use a wide range and intensity of electrical equipment that was unforeseen at the time of knob and tube inception. Household power use increased following World War II, first generation wiring systems became susceptible to abuse by homeowners, who would avoid repeated blown fuses by overfusing the circuits, thus subjecting the wiring to heat damage due to higher levels of current.

In many instances deterioration and abuse have rendered the wiring unsafe. During building renovations and remodeling wiring can become damaged. The rubber insulation will become dried out, brittle when handled, damage by rodent, or simple carelessness – for example hanging objects off wiring in accessible places like attics and basements.

Covering knob and tube wiring with thermal insulation is unsafe and prohibited. This is a known fire hazard and it is specifically condemned in the National Electrical Code, Section 324-4. No form of insulation – loose, blown-in, or expanding foam insulation can be placed over the wiring. Knob and tube wiring was designed to let heat dissipate to the surrounding air. As a result, energy efficiency upgrades that involve insulating previously uninsulated walls usually also require replacement of the wiring in affected homes.

Homeowners insurance underwriters may refuse and deny coverage for homes and buildings that have this type of wiring installed.

Alan Trauger is a Building Consultant that performs property condition assessments for residential and commercial properties. An experienced and knowledgeable problem solver, understanding processes and issues related to building structures and their systems. An expert witness, trainer, and educator. To view past newsletters on construction and buildings [http://newsletters.alantrauger.com/]

To review authors bio, qualifications, and interest in receiving future email newsletters http://www.alantrauger.com

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Ingenious Ways To Make Travel More Fun And Less Frazzling

Most people happily look forward to getting away from home for a relaxing vacation. There are many things that can possibly go wrong with all the planning out your trip. Here are some tips that will remove the stress from the planning stages and help you to relax on your trip. Grab the Canada ski packages to Ski and slide, or ride and hike during an active mountain stay in one of the most popular ski resorts in Canada.

Don’t use the computers in your hotel or any other placing offering internet service for looking at sensitive information. There is something called a keylogger that is tracking your bank information as you type the keys on the computer.

Leave any valuable items of value at home when traveling.

The less stuff you have, the lower the chances of you having your valuables lost or stolen.

If you come through a little airport when you travel, look online ahead of time to find out what services are offered there.

A luggage tag hanging from the outside of luggage can easily be ripped off in transit.

You could be covered if a cancelled flight that was charged on your credit card. You should do your research a bit before leaving.

Melt a bucket of ice to have fresh water in your morning coffee. Rather than drinking tap water, let the ice melt in the ice bucket. You can brew tasty coffee in the morning.

Jet lag is an all too common problem when traveling across time zones. You can’t avoid it, but you can try sleeping more in the days prior to your flight to help lessen any of the expected effects. You should also make an effort to sleep during the flight if possible.

Booking travel online is virtually a one stop shop for your vacation planning. Travel sites aid in planning out your travel itinerary with little effort. You are able to reserve hotels, rental cars, and flights using your computer! You can easily access reviews and photos of hotels without having to go anywhere.

Weather can be a huge factor in the amount of enjoyment you get out of traveling. Check the local weather will be during your stay.

Airports are normally extremely busy, so one plane delay creates a chain reaction throughout the day. The first flight during the morning should have very limited with delays.

Don’t put your child in the aisle on a plane. Make sure there is an adult between the way of the aisle. Children are fidgety and could harm themselves if they reach out while a cart is coming through. They won’t run off as easily if you are near the way of the aisle.

Pack extra snacks if you will be traveling by car. You might want to pack more that you thought you would. This will maintain them happy and busy so that they don’t cause a ton of issues when traveling. Even a little junk food wouldn’t hurt just this once.

Contact lenses should be in a useful container for traveling. These items are great for carrying gels and lotions if you only need a small amounts of the product.

Before traveling, research nearby banks for currency exchanges, since they will typically offer better rates.

A wonderful travel tip is have luggage that stands out from other luggage. You can decorate it with stickers on your luggage or even color it. This will help you spot your luggage and keep others from accidentally walking off with it.

Be careful when receiving any emails you receive for travel deals.

Make sure that you are aware of what the carry-on policy.Most airlines let you bring a small suitcase and a laptop bag or purse. Make sure you take advantage of this to ensure all your important items remain with you!

You can frequently save cash when you book flights with one or more stop on the way. Too little time and you may miss your flight.You could be in the airport if there is a long flight delay.

Keep in mind that you are not the only person staying in hotels. Be courteous to others; keep your noise level down so you do not disturb your neighbors. Even if it is mid afternoon, overcoming jet lag or feeling unwell. You don’t have to whisper and tiptoe, just be as respectful as you can be.

If you do not have a mandatory travel date, adjust your time frame by a day or two when searching for deals. You could save money by this way.

Check in the day to verify your flight. When checking in, jot down relevant flight numbers, and several hours prior to the flight, delayed or canceled so you can plan accordingly.

Do not panic if your bags have not there when you get to your destination.Find out from airport staff where to report your lost luggage, present the officials there with your baggage claim tickets and complete any necessary paperwork. Most of the time, your luggage will be found and reunited with you as quickly as possible.

Research your destination online to find reviews of hotels, resorts and attractions before deciding on your travel plans.

A recreation area can give your kids something to do during any long waits.This will help your delay fly by and your entire traveling bunch a happier in the process.

Now you know that traveling can be enjoyable. The next time you’re planning a vacation, try out these tips. This will allow you to have a great vacation.